Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date


Journal Title or Book Title

Journal (Water Pollution Control Federation)






Publisher's PDF

Publisher's Statement

This article was published by the Water Environment Federation and is also archived at


The marine environment has become the primary disposa ground for an increasing quantity of petroleum wastes. Mushrooming demands for petroleum products and the lack of economic incentive to recycle waste oil will increase the concentrations of detrimental petroleum hydrocarbons in the marine environment

Although a continuous, low-level discharge of waste petroleum hydrocarbons into the marine environment may not be as dramatic as a major oil spill, the consequences could be more devastating over an extended period. As noted by Blumer, earlier interpretations of the environmental effects of oil must not be reevaluated in the light of recent evidence of its effects on marine organisms an its environmental persistence, which resembles that of DDT, PCBs, and other syntehtic materials.

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