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Feminist Perspectives on Music Therapy


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A central theme in women’s lives in Korea is captured by the Korean word, “han” Symbolically, it represents the image of traditional Korean women’s suffering, pain, and crying, as well as their resilience throughout Korean history. A loose translation of the term would be, “the sorrow and anger that grows” (E. H. Kim, 1995, p.160). Due to many invasions by other countries, han is a quality that has become deeply embedded in Koreans from one generation to the next. In fact, han is a term that applies to both women and men. However, it has special application to women because of their oppressive life circumstances.

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