Date of Award


Document Type


Copyright Status, No Creative Commons License

All Rights Reserved

Degree Name

Master of Science in Music Therapy


Music Therapy

First Advisor

Dr. John Carpente


The purpose of this study was to explore the role of verbal skills as an intervention in music therapy practice in three models of music therapy: (a) analytical music therapy (AMT), (b) the Bonny method of guided imagery and music (BMGIM), and (c) Nordoff-Robbins music therapy (NRMT). Data were collected from three interviews that included each professional’s use of verbal skills in their respective model of music therapy. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. Five themes emerged: (1) definitions of verbal intervention/verbal skills, (2) population dependent, (3) use of lyrics, (4) music as therapy vs music in therapy, (5) musical-verbal intervention relationship. Although future research in the area of verbal intervention definition and usage is needed, this study provided a foundation to encourage further research on verbal interventions in addition to music interventions to best serve the needs of clients in music therapy.

Related Pillar(s)


Included in

Music Therapy Commons