John Marino

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Music Therapy


Music Therapy

First Advisor

Dr. Seung A Kim


The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of music therapy on pain and anxiety with older adult orthopedic patients in short-term inpatient rehabilitation. Pain and anxiety are common conditions faced by older adults that can hinder progress in therapy. Ten participants were randomly selected to music therapy or control group. Pain and anxiety levels were measured pre and post intervention, for eight sessions. A music therapy questionnaire addressing interventions for pain and anxiety management was administered to the experimental group following the last session. Music therapy interventions applied were consistent with current research and contained preferred, familiar and relaxing music, and improvisation. The writer’s hypotheses was confirmed as music therapy was found to have lowered participants’ self-reported levels of pain and anxiety as evidenced on pre and post-test VAS measurements (VAS Pain M = 44.35 – 23.62, VAS Anxiety M = 43.65-13.75) and, a significant effect (Beta Coefficients = -12.6,P

Related Pillar(s)


Included in

Music Therapy Commons