Kohei Mori

Date of Award


Document Type


Selected Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License.

Degree Name

Master of Science in Music Therapy


Music Therapy

First Advisor

Dr. Amanda MacRae


The purpose of this research was to illuminate non-native English-speaking music therapists’ trends and attitudes toward a language barrier. For the purpose of this research, the phrase “language barrier” is used as a reference for music therapists who conduct music therapy sessions in a language that is not their native language. Thirteen non-native English-speaking music therapists completed a 30-question web-based survey. The survey addressed the following topics: demographics, the experience of providing music therapy in a second language, the experience of receiving music therapy training in a second language, and therapeutic interventions with the clients. Descriptive statistics were collected. Three major findings emerged: English is not necessarily a language barrier; the respondents use music interventions depending on the clients’ goals; and the respondents are sensitive to the clients’ cues so they can facilitate the therapeutic process in a second language. The findings may be a resource for educators, clinical supervisors, and non-native English-speaking music therapists. Moreover, the findings may be useful to guide music therapy educational and supervisory practices.

Related Pillar(s)


Included in

Music Therapy Commons