John Mulcahy

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Music Therapy


Music Therapy

First Advisor

Claire Ghetti


Nordoff-Robbins Music Therapy (NRMT) is a unique improvisational approach to music therapy utilizing the model of a two-therapist clinical team to treat clients. In this phenomenological study, four NRMT-trained music therapists were interviewed and asked to reflect upon their past experiences working within a two-therapist team. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed for relevant themes. Eight invariant themes common among all participant responses were found demonstrating patterns of interpersonal/musical interaction and shared experiences/understanding between team members, along with demonstrating the influence of outside factors on the overall team dynamic. Participants reported that the qualities of team member interaction encompassing trust and flexibility to changes in the session were essential components underpinning other aspects of NRMT teamwork. Implications for NRMT therapists, music therapists investigating the NRMT model, and other music therapists working in collaborative team settings are discussed along with suggestions for future research.

Related Pillar(s)


Included in

Music Therapy Commons